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Search Knowledge Base Knowledge Base - Glossary of Terms
Glossary is usually defined as an alphabetical list of technical terms in some specialized field of knowledge. This knowledge base glossary provides a collection of knowledge base documents that define many technical terms. These terms are arranged alphabetically, but you can quickly jump to a specific term by selecting its first letter from the index of the knowledge base glossary below.
178 Glossary Terms Found Displaying record 136 to 150 out of 178 search results
Quality / Style
The quality is used to define the type of fabric you are going to dye. lt contains a reference to the composition and describes whether the fabric is used for exhaust or continuous dyeing or both.

Ready to ship
Ready to use colorant ratios separated by pigment, solvent and additive. The solvent and additive percentages that make up the ready to use amount are defined for each colorant in the colorant set.

Ready to use
Ratios of colorants as prepared in primary calibration.

Ready-to-use / press ready / finished product
A finished product that contains resins, solvents, colorants and additives in the correct proportions.

Recipe calculation
A process which identifies and calculates the amounts of each coloring matter in a material so that the final color looks like (i.e. matches) the given sample in a specified light source and price. It is possible to get several combinations which match the sample so the process can give the most cost effective one.

An ingredient that has already been processed, and can be re-used in other formulas. It may also be referred to as ‘waste’ or ‘work off’.

The ratio of the intensity of the reflected light to that of the incident light. In popular usage, it is considered as the ratio of the intensity of reflected radiant energy to that reflected from a defined (white) reference standard.

Reproducibility / inter-instrument agreement
A comparison of measurements made of the same sample by different instruments. The variation in sample measurements is expressed in terms of DE. Manufacturers of spectrophotometers for commercial use include a value for inter-instrument agreement in the instrument specification. This value is only valid for comparisons made using instruments of the same model.

One or a group of organic materials, either natural or synthetic, that serves as a vehicle for the colorant. Resins can impart gloss, adhesion, heat resistance, odor retention, resistance to chemicals, hardness, film-forming abilities, and other properties to the finished product. Alternate names include vehicle, clear, and extender.

In Datacolor software, it is the measured color stored with its spectral values. A colored object that may be measured, evaluated, matched, or corrected. When you are working on a job, a sample may be a target (standard), or trial (batch). The spectral and or colorimetric description of a sample can be stored in a folder, at any time, for future use.

Sample repeatability
A comparison of differences in samples made using the same raw materials, equipment and processing technique. Repeatability can be expressed through a DE value. The more repeatable your sample preparation techniques are, the more accurate your formulas will be.

Sample reproducibility
A comparison of the differences between samples due to changes in the sample preparation procedure. Differences can be caused by changing one or more of the following: • Technical • Type of equipment used • Mixing Method • Curing Method • Method of Application • Batch size The degree of reproducibility can be expressed through DE. The more reproducible your process is, the more accurate your formulas will be.

The attribute of color perception that expresses the degree of departure from a gray of the same lightness. All neutrals (white/black/gray) have zero saturation. The term saturation is often associated with the intensity or brightness of a sample. When working with the 1976 CIEL*a*b* or CMC color difference equations, the dimension of chroma(C* and DC*) approximately relates to the saturation of the sample.

Saunderson Correction
Equation for calculating a correction for the Fresnel reflectances at the surface of a dielectric material for both the incident light and the exiting light.

Diffusion or redirection of radiant energy when light encounters particles having different refractive indices. Scattering occurs at boundaries between different mediums regardless of whether they are external to the sample (i.e., air/resin interface) or internal to the sample (i.e., resin/pigment particle interface).

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