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Search Knowledge Base Knowledge Base - Glossary of Terms
Glossary is usually defined as an alphabetical list of technical terms in some specialized field of knowledge. This knowledge base glossary provides a collection of knowledge base documents that define many technical terms. These terms are arranged alphabetically, but you can quickly jump to a specific term by selecting its first letter from the index of the knowledge base glossary below.
 
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178 Glossary Terms Found Displaying record 16 to 30 out of 178 search results
Carrier resin
This is one six ingredient type used by the pigment formulation program, and displays only when concentrate scaling is enabled in the software. It identifies the portion of resin that is mixed with the colorant to produce the concentrate, and remains in the concentrate. In effect, it "carries" the concentrate to the end user who will add more resin (the user-supplied resin). It may or may not be the same resin used in the finished product. The carrier resin is specified at run-time in pigment formulation, along with the user-supplied resin.

Clear
One of six ingredients types used by the pigment formulation program. It identifies a collection of ingredients sometimes worked with as a group, usually for purposes of formula scaling or restricting colorant load. It can be a colorant, but does not have a strength factor attached to it. The materials identified as "clears" are typically resins or extenders. All "clears" are assumed to have zero K and zero S, except for those used in translucent colorant sets.

Color
A color is an ingredient typically used to impart color to a material. It can be a colorant and it has a strength factor. It is also one of the six (6) ingredient types used by the pigment formulation program, and identifies a collection of ingredients sometimes worked with as a group.

Color difference
Magnitude and character of the difference between two colors located in a color space solid, or map, under specified conditions. The total color difference is generally designated as DE, the lightness difference as DL. In addition, differences are expressed along the redness-greenness axis, and the yellowness-blueness. Certain color difference calculations offer additional components to the color difference expression.

Color inconstancy
Color inconstancy is the color difference if a single sample is illuminated with different light sources. The magnitude of color inconstancy can be defined by DE CMC (or any other color difference formula) of the sample between two light sources.

Color index
The color index is produced jointly by SDC (Society of Dyers and Colourists) in the UK, and the AATCC (American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists) in the USA. The index is split into two parts: one part gives the commercial names for the individual dyes; the other part of the index gives the color index number, and lists the commercial names for the dyes using that number. Refer to Color index number.

Color index number
Every dye is given a color index number based on its chemical type. The same number is given to the dyes with the same chemical structure. For example, Resolin Red FB and Dispersol Red B2B, both have the color index number “CI Disperse Red 60." The index number is divided into four sections: 1) CI stand for color index and is displayed in every color index number 2) The next section is the dye type, e.g., Disperse, Acid, etc. 3) The third section is the color, according to a defined list of color names, e.g., Red Yellow, Orange 4) The last number is increased every time a new dye is added to the index; in the example above, “CI Disperse Red 60" is the 60th red disperse dye to be added to the index. Refer to Color index.

Color Space
Three-dimensional solid enclosing all possible colors. Colors are located in the solid through their calculated color coordinates. The distance between the samples in the color space solid is the color difference. The properties of the solid is transformed, though the application of various equations, i.e., giving rise to different calculations of the distance between the samples.

Color type
Measured color of a sample. The color type is the target color to be dyed.

Colorant
A set of optical constants, and the data used to generate those optical constants. This data includes the optical model, mixture grouping type, colorant concentrations, density, curve smoothing method, instrument geometry, measurement type, and other data used to calculate the optical constants. A coloring matter; a dye, a pigment or an ink.

Colorant (Trade Sales Paint)
A pigment used to tint a base.

Colorant level
Colorant "level" refers to information about the colorant concentration(s) contained in the mixtures, and the optical data calculated for the mixtures.

Colorant loading
The proportion of a formula represented by the colorant. The proportions of all of the ingredients in a formula must remain balanced in order for the finished product to satisfy the function(s) for which it was developed. For example, house paint must stick to the walls and hide the background. These properties are achieved by mixing the ingredients in specific proportions. When the colorant load exceeds a certain amount, the product loses its integrity.

Colorant mixture
Colorant "mixture" data includes the formula used to make the primary sample(s), and the measurement data for the sample(s).

Colorant set
A collection of colorants and default settings used to create them. The type of colorant set created determines the optical model/type of optical data calculated. Ingredient records for an ingredient system contain the physical data (e.g., density, strength, lot identification, etc.) for the colorants in a colorant set. The colorant set contains all of the optical data for a colorant, including spectral data, information on substrates, processes, qualities, optical constants (K/S, K & S, or A) and specular and internal reflectance values. Optical constants are used to calculate formula predictions.

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